The importance of maritime transport in international trade industry
The shipping industry and also the Online bookkeeping services sydney are the most importance aspects for the modern trading. It has great influence on issues of social and economic development, so also it is generating source of jobs, as millions of people in the world work in activities directly or indirectly related to the oceans and seas.
One of the fundamental aspects for the economy of modern societies is related to transportation costs. We could say that they are the backbone of the intercontinental trade for the carriage in bulk of raw materials and import and export of food and manufactured goods.
In recent times, the number of vessels has increased enormously, both in international markets and the maritime trade of short distance, with recent records that show that worldwide there are millions of professionals who are actively involved in the international trade.
The growing demand for freight transport and achieve a greater reduction of times of the mailing date of the charge, has led to an increase in the involvement of normative and technical aspects related to the safety of the shipping industry.
Doing a bit of history, the navigation has been not only the principal form of transport but also a communication link for the connection of coastal cities, countries and continents. However, the sea has always been considered as a dangerous and difficult environment for the work. In the modern world, the shipping was one of the first industries to implement international safety standards to minimize accidents.
Maritime international treaties have existed since the 19th century, establishing, for example, common procedures of navigation to prevent collisions at sea. Currently, under the responsibility of the IMO (International Maritime Organization) and completely renovated, the treaties remain the main international instrument concerning maritime safety, covering areas such as design of ships, construction and equipment, subdivision and stability, fire protection, communications by radio, safety in navigation, cargo transport, security management and maritime protection.
The world is increasingly accepted the competence of IMO in resolving many of the complex conflict situations generated by national regulations in the world trade. The level of ratification and the implementation of IMO conventions are very high compared with international standards adopted in the land-based industries. Around the world are accepted in the IMO conventions, such as the International Convention for the safety of life at sea (or solo which stands for the English name of the Convention: “Safety of Life At Sea”), which is the most important of all the international treaties on the safety of vessels, and the International Convention for the prevention of pollution by ships or MARPOL they are just a few examples of the tools that are provided to stop foreign vessels in the ports if they do not conform to international standards.
The intervention of the IMO has managed to significantly increase the level of security of maritime transport and its environmental performance industry. Although those responsible for national and regional politicians sometimes question the international regime of regulation of the Organization, it has secured agreement on the complex technical requirements efficiently. All sectors that make up the infrastructure of global transportation, maritime transport has probably the lowest public profile and however, affects each of our lives in what you consume daily.
In terms of its relationship with the environment, in comparison with the trucking industry, maritime transport is one taxpayer much less pollution. Despite a massive increase in global maritime trade, data from several studies show that there has been a substantial reduction of marine pollution in the past 20 years, particularly with regard to the amount of oil spilled into the sea.
As we have mentioned on other occasions, maritime transport is economical and environmentally the most efficient way to transport goods. Today around 90% of world trade is carried by the international maritime industry. This industry is only responsible for 12% of the total pollution generated by different human economic activities.
The true dimensions of the activities of the global shipping industry provide enormous potential for achieving sustainable development in the world through the promotion of prosperity through trade.